The ceiling or ceiling is the upper interior surface associated with the top of a room. Generally, the ceiling is not a structural element, but the surface covering the floor of the roof structure above. Based on current developments there are many types of ceilings on the market, which you can apply to homes or other buildings.
Before choosing a model and ceiling base material that you will use in your design later, it helps you to know what types of ceilings are and learn the advantages and disadvantages of each type of ceiling.
- Plywood Ceiling
Plywood ceiling is a type of ceiling cover that is often used. The size of plywood in the market is 122 cm x 244 cm with a thickness of 3 mm, 4 mm and 6 mm. Installation of this ceiling can be installed sheets without being cut into pieces or can be divided into four parts to make it easier in the arrangement and installation. Ceiling frames can use rafters 4/6 or 5/7 with the size of a wooden frame 60 cm x 60 cm.
The advantages of the type of triplex ceiling process is easier and can be done by carpenters so that you have no difficulty in the process. Plywood material is easily available on the market at a relatively cheap price and lightweight materials make it easier for users to repair if there is damage to replace it.
Weaknesses of plywood material are not resistant to fire so that it is flammable and if it is often exposed to water or seepage it will be easily damaged.
- Plasterboard or Asbestos Ceiling
In the market the size of plasterboard ceilings is 1.00 m x 1.00 m and 0.50 m x 1.00 m. The installation method is the same as the plywood ceiling. You can use rafters 4/6 or 5/7 with the size of the wooden frame 60 cm x 60 cm for the ceiling frame.
The advantages in addition to being easily available in the market, the processing process is easy so it does not encounter obstacles. The lightweight material makes it easy for users to be able to replace if damage occurs.
The weakness of the material from plasterboard or asbestos is not resistant to shocks and collisions so it must be careful in the process of mounting the ceiling so that it is not broken or cracked.
At present fiber ceilings are already widely used. In applications for home ceilings use the GRC (Glassfiber Reinforced Cement Board) board. The price is relatively cheap compared to plywood. The GRC Board has a size of 60 cm x 120 cm with a standard thickness of 4 mm. Ceiling frames can use 4/6 or 5/7 rafters and 40 mm x 40 mm hollow iron.
The advantages of GRC ceiling are resistant to fire and water, stronger, lighter and more flexible. The process is quite easy.
Weaknesses with plasterboard or asbestos ceilings are not resistant to impact. GRC materials in some areas are rarely encountered.
Gypsum ceiling is one type of ceiling that has been widely used also for ceiling coverings. The size of the ceiling is 122 cm x 244 cm. For frames like the GRC Board you can use rafters or hollow steel.
Advantages, when installed the gypsum ceiling has a surface that looks without connection so that it is in great demand by the public. The process is even faster. Easy to obtain, repair and replace.
Weakness, is not resistant to water so it is easily damaged when exposed to water or water seepage. Not all artisans can do it, need special skills.
Acoustic ceiling solution for those of you who plan a room that can reduce noise. Because the acoustic ceiling is a ceiling that is resistant to certain noise thresholds. The sizes available are 60 cm x 60 cm and 60 cm x 120 cm. The acoustic ceiling can be installed with a finished wooden frame or metal material manufacturer.
Excellence, can reduce noise so that for certain room needs are widely used by the community. Its weight is relatively light so it’s easy to repair or replace and the process is fast.
On the other hand, the disadvantage is that it is not waterproof and in certain areas it is still rare and the price is relatively more expensive.